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621days since
Curiosity Landing

A look from space to the evolution of a habitable planet.


The goal of the Visible Paleo-Earth (VPE) project is to visualize in true-colors the evolution of Earth surface from paleo-climates to today. We are using paleogeography and paleoclimate reconstructions combined with NASA satellite imagery to generate our best interpretation of the global visual appearance of Earth in the last 750 million years, as seem from space.

We are using the information of NASA Blue Marble - Next Generation to recreate the color and textures of our VPE images. The “blue marble” is the most detailed true-color image of the entire Earth to date. Using a collection of satellite-based observations, scientists and visualizers from NASA Goddard Space Flight Center stitched together months of observations of the land surface, oceans, sea ice, and clouds into a seamless, true-color mosaic of every square kilometer of our planet.

The VPE images and animations are also being generated with optical physics, including  atmospheric effects, to better simulate the view from space. They can be used in studies of the terrestrial evolution of visual albedo, color, light curve, climate, and habitability. We are also working in the Visible Neo-Earth, to visualize future terrestrial scenarios including vegetation shift due to climate change.

The VPE images and animations are freely available for scientists and educators. If you are interested in receiving updates of this project or want to request better resolutions versions, send an email to Prof. Abel Méndez.

Check here the VPE project frequently asked questions (FAQ). Below are a selection of VPE images and videos.

Image and Videos Sets

The images and animations available here are only for educational and research purposes. None of these images can be used for any commercial purposes unless written permission is given. If you use these images, please give credit to: The Planetary Habitability Laboratory @ UPR Arecibo, NASA, Ron Blakey and Colorado Plateau Geosystems, Inc., and The PaleoMap Project.

Individual Frames



Educational Images and Videos

Sample of Informative Posters (available April 2013)

In these posters the four top views correspond each to the same 90°rotation angles, centered in the 180°, 90°, 0°, and -90° longitudes, respectively. 


  • Méndez, A., González, Z., Jimenez, S. A. Pérez, W., Bracero, K. (2013) The Visible Paleo-Earth Project: A look from space to the evolution of a habitable planet. [in preparation]

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