Habitability Models for Planetary Sciences

Abel Méndez, (abel.mendez@upr.edu)

Planetary Habitability Laboratory, University of Puerto Rico at Arecibo, USA


Edgard G. Rivera-Valentín1, Dirk Schulze-Makuch2, Justin Filiberto1, Ramses Ramírez3, Tana E. Wood4, Alfonso Dávila5, Chris McKay5, Kevin Ortiz Ceballos6, Marcos Jusino-Maldonado6, Guillermo Nery6, René Heller7, Paul Byrne8, Michael J. Malaska9, Erica Nathan10, Marta Filipa Simões11, André Antunes11, Jesús Martínez-Frías12, Ludmila Carone13, Noam R. Izenberg14, Dimitra Atri15, Humberto Itic Carvajal Chitty16, Priscilla Nowajewski-Barra17, Frances Rivera-Hernández18, Corine Brown19, Kennda Lynch1, David Catling20, Jorge I. Zuluaga21, Juan F. Salazar22, Howard Chen23, Grizelle González4, Madhu Kashyap Jagadeesh24, Rory Barnes25, Charles S. Cockell26, Jacob Haqq-Misra27

1Lunar and Planetary Institute, USRA, USA; 2Technical University Berlin, Germany; 3Earth-Life Science Institute, Japan; 4International Institute of Tropical Forestry, USDA Forest Service, Puerto Rico, USA; 5NASA Ames Research Center, USA; 6Planetary Habitability Laboratory, University of Puerto Rico at Arecibo, Puerto Rico, USA; 7Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Germany, 8North Carolina State University, USA; 9Jet Propulsion Laboratory / California Institute of Technology, USA; 10Brown University, USA; 11State Key Laboratory of Lunar and Planetary Sciences, China; 12Instituto de Geociencias (CSIC-UCM), Spain; 13Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Germany; 14Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, USA; 15Center for Space Science, New York University Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates; 16Universidad Simón Bolívar, Venezuela; 17Fundación Ciencias Planetarias, Chile; 18Dartmouth College, USA; 19Macquarie University, Australia; 20University of Washington, USA; 21Institute of Physics / FCEN - Universidad de Antioquia, Colombia; 22GIGA, Escuela Ambiental, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de Antioquia, Colombia; 23Northwestern University, USA; 24Jyoti Nivas College, Bengaluru, India; 25University of Washington, USA; 26UK Centre for Astrobiology, UK; 27Blue Marble Space Institute of Science, USA


Abstract

Habitability has been generally defined as the capability of an environment to support life. Ecologists have been using Habitat Suitability Models (HSMs) for more than four decades to study the habitability of Earth from local to global scales. Astrobiologists have been proposing different habitability models for some time, with little integration and consistency between them and different in function to those used by ecologists. In this white paper, we suggest a mass-energy habitability model as an example of how to adapt and expand the models used by ecologists to the astrobiology field. We propose to implement these models into a NASA Habitability Standard (NHS) to standardize the habitability objectives of planetary missions. These standards will help to compare and characterize potentially habitable environments, prioritize target selections, and study correlations between habitability and biosignatures. Habitability models are the foundation of planetary habitability science. The synergy between the methods used by ecologists and astrobiologists will help to integrate and expand our understanding of the habitability of Earth, the Solar System, and exoplanets.

Méndez, A., Rivera-Valentín, E. G., Schulze-Makuch, D., Filiberto, J., Ramírez, R., Wood, T. E., Dávila, A., McKay, C., Ortiz Ceballos, K., Jusino-Maldonado, M., Nery, G., Heller, R., Byrne, P., Malaska, M. J., Nathan, E., Filipa Simões, M., Antunes, A., Martínez-Frías, J., Carone, L., … Barnes, R. (2020). Habitability Models for Planetary Sciences. ArXiv E-Prints, 2007, arXiv:2007.05491. https://arxiv.org/abs/2007.05491



List of Endorsers

Tri LeUniversity of Manitoba, Canada
Gabriela Rosado AyalaFacultad de Derecho Interamericana
Le danff JeanClaudeUniversity of Nantes, France
Dany WallerJohns Hopkins University
Priscilla Nowajewski-BarraFundación Ciencias Planetarias
Humberto Carvajal-ChittyUniversidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas Venezuela
Guillermo NeryUniversity of Puerto Rico at Arecibo
Corine BrownMacquarie University, Australia
Nicole J. Torres-SantiagoPHL @ University of Puerto Rico at Arecibo
Emanuel RodriguezInteramerican University
Jose Maria Ortega HernandeWrexham Glyndwr University
César F. Quiñones MartínezSEDS - University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez
Miguel BeauchampUniversity of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez
Jorge A. Ramirez MartinezUniversity of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez
Joshua RiveraPonce Health Sciences University
Jorge A. Ramirez MartinezUniversity of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez Campus
Sai ArunIIT Kanpur
Vinciane DebailleUniversité Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
Marcos Jusino-MaldonadoPHL @ University of Puerto Rico at Arecibo
Pedro Rivera-CardonaUniversity of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez
Madhu Kashyap JagadeeshJyoti Nivas College
Charles CockellUniversity of Edinburgh
Juan F. SalazarGIGA, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia
Jorge I. ZuluagaInstitute of Physics / FCEN, University of Antioquia
Grizelle GonzálezUS Forest Service
Howard ChenNorthwestern University
Marta Filipa SimõesMacau University of Science and Technology
André AntunesMacau University of Science and Technology
Graham LauBlue Marble Space Institute of Science
Snehanshu SahaBITS Pilani K K Birla Goa Campus
Howard M. RellesCfA, Harvard University
Margarita SafonovaIndian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore, India
Emili Fabrega SolaAssociation of Industrial Engineers in Barcelona, CATALONIA
Prabhakar MisraHoward University, USA
Gal SaridSETI Institute
Pedro M Vazquez GonzalezPHL @ University of Puerto Rico at Arecibo
Wilbert Ruperto-HernándezUniversity of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez
Jadenys S. Díaz-SánchezPHL @ University of Puerto Rico at Arecibo
Jamier I MuñizUniversity of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez
Andy Lopez-OquendoNorthern Arizona University
Lee Roger Chevres FernandezUniversity of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez
Bryan J Rodriguez-ColonUniversity of Kansas
Victoria Rivera BanuchiStony Brook University
Kyle MorgensteinUT Austin/MIT
Maria Angélica Leal LealUniversidad Nacional de Colombia
Rebecca TeedWright State University
Sophie KrauseLocal Urban Planning Office Hamburg, Germany

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