Habitability Models for Planetary Sciences

Abel Méndez, (abel.mendez@upr.edu)

Planetary Habitability Laboratory, University of Puerto Rico at Arecibo, USA


Edgard G. Rivera-Valentín1, Dirk Schulze-Makuch2, Justin Filiberto1, Ramses Ramírez3, Tana E. Wood4, Alfonso Dávila5, Chris McKay5, Kevin Ortiz Ceballos6, Marcos Jusino-Maldonado6, Guillermo Nery6, René Heller7, Paul Byrne8, Michael J. Malaska9, Erica Nathan10, Marta Filipa Simões11, André Antunes11, Jesús Martínez-Frías12, Ludmila Carone13, Noam R. Izenberg14, Dimitra Atri15, Humberto Itic Carvajal Chitty16, Priscilla Nowajewski-Barra17, Frances Rivera-Hernández18, Corine Brown19, Kennda Lynch1, David Catling20, Jorge I. Zuluaga21, Juan F. Salazar22, Howard Chen23, Grizelle González4, Madhu Kashyap Jagadeesh24, Rory Barnes25, Charles S. Cockell26, Jacob Haqq-Misra27

1Lunar and Planetary Institute, USRA, USA; 2Technical University Berlin, Germany; 3Earth-Life Science Institute, Japan; 4International Institute of Tropical Forestry, USDA Forest Service, Puerto Rico, USA; 5NASA Ames Research Center, USA; 6Planetary Habitability Laboratory, University of Puerto Rico at Arecibo, Puerto Rico, USA; 7Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Germany, 8North Carolina State University, USA; 9Jet Propulsion Laboratory / California Institute of Technology, USA; 10Brown University, USA; 11State Key Laboratory of Lunar and Planetary Sciences, China; 12Instituto de Geociencias (CSIC-UCM), Spain; 13Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Germany; 14Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, USA; 15Center for Space Science, New York University Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates; 16Universidad Simón Bolívar, Venezuela; 17Fundación Ciencias Planetarias, Chile; 18Dartmouth College, USA; 19Macquarie University, Australia; 20University of Washington, USA; 21Institute of Physics / FCEN - Universidad de Antioquia, Colombia; 22GIGA, Escuela Ambiental, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de Antioquia, Colombia; 23Northwestern University, USA; 24Jyoti Nivas College, Bengaluru, India; 25University of Washington, USA; 26UK Centre for Astrobiology, UK; 27Blue Marble Space Institute of Science, USA


Abstract

Habitability has been generally defined as the capability of an environment to support life. Ecologists have been using Habitat Suitability Models (HSMs) for more than four decades to study the habitability of Earth from local to global scales. Astrobiologists have been proposing different habitability models for some time, with little integration and consistency between them and different in function to those used by ecologists. In this white paper, we suggest a mass-energy habitability model as an example of how to adapt and expand the models used by ecologists to the astrobiology field. We propose to implement these models into a NASA Habitability Standard (NHS) to standardize the habitability objectives of planetary missions. These standards will help to compare and characterize potentially habitable environments, prioritize target selections, and study correlations between habitability and biosignatures. Habitability models are the foundation of planetary habitability science. The synergy between the methods used by ecologists and astrobiologists will help to integrate and expand our understanding of the habitability of Earth, the Solar System, and exoplanets.

Méndez, A., Rivera-Valentín, E. G., Schulze-Makuch, D., Filiberto, J., Ramírez, R., Wood, T. E., Dávila, A., McKay, C., Ortiz Ceballos, K., Jusino-Maldonado, M., Nery, G., Heller, R., Byrne, P., Malaska, M. J., Nathan, E., Filipa Simões, M., Antunes, A., Martínez-Frías, J., Carone, L., … Barnes, R. (2020). Habitability Models for Planetary Sciences. ArXiv E-Prints, 2007, arXiv:2007.05491. https://arxiv.org/abs/2007.05491



List of Endorsers

Tri Le University of Manitoba, Canada
Gabriela Rosado Ayala Facultad de Derecho Interamericana
Le danff JeanClaude University of Nantes, France
Dany Waller Johns Hopkins University
Priscilla Nowajewski-Barra Fundación Ciencias Planetarias
Humberto Carvajal-Chitty Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas Venezuela
Guillermo Nery University of Puerto Rico at Arecibo
Corine Brown Macquarie University, Australia
Nicole J. Torres-Santiago PHL @ University of Puerto Rico at Arecibo
Emanuel Rodriguez Interamerican University
Jose Maria Ortega Hernande Wrexham Glyndwr University
César F. Quiñones Martínez SEDS - University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez
Miguel Beauchamp University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez
Jorge A. Ramirez Martinez University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez
Joshua Rivera Ponce Health Sciences University
Jorge A. Ramirez Martinez University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez Campus
Sai Arun IIT Kanpur
Vinciane Debaille Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
Marcos Jusino-Maldonado PHL @ University of Puerto Rico at Arecibo
Pedro Rivera-Cardona University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez
Madhu Kashyap Jagadeesh Jyoti Nivas College
Charles Cockell University of Edinburgh
Juan F. Salazar GIGA, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia
Jorge I. Zuluaga Institute of Physics / FCEN, University of Antioquia
Grizelle González US Forest Service
Howard Chen Northwestern University
Marta Filipa Simões Macau University of Science and Technology
André Antunes Macau University of Science and Technology
Graham Lau Blue Marble Space Institute of Science
Snehanshu Saha BITS Pilani K K Birla Goa Campus
Howard M. Relles CfA, Harvard University
Margarita Safonova Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore, India
Emili Fabrega Sola Association of Industrial Engineers in Barcelona, CATALONIA
Prabhakar Misra Howard University, USA
Gal Sarid SETI Institute
Pedro M Vazquez Gonzalez PHL @ University of Puerto Rico at Arecibo
Wilbert Ruperto-Hernández University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez
Jadenys S. Díaz-Sánchez PHL @ University of Puerto Rico at Arecibo
Jamier I Muñiz University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez
Andy Lopez-Oquendo Northern Arizona University
Lee Roger Chevres Fernandez University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez
Bryan J Rodriguez-Colon University of Kansas
Victoria Rivera Banuchi Stony Brook University
Kyle Morgenstein UT Austin/MIT
Maria Angélica Leal Leal Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Rebecca Teed Wright State University
Sophie Krause Local Urban Planning Office Hamburg, Germany
Evan L. Sneed Pennsylvania State University
Mark Elowitz Affiliate of the SETI Institute
Kakoli Bora PES University, Bangalore, India
Arik Kershenbaum University of Cambridge
Joseph Chalverus University of Washington
Robert Annewandter Bangor University, UK
Caio Bessa Nunes Instituto Federal Fluminense

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